Labor education students with local flavor prefer

Labor education students with local flavor prefer

Chi Shan Town Central Primary School in Shangli County, Jiangxi Province is a township central primary school, located at the junction of urban and rural areas. Students are mainly from rural areas.In recent years, the school’s Shangli County has experienced the transformation of agricultural and sideline industries to plant special industries such as tea, breeding mulberry, rabbits, and black goats to drive rural rejuvenation.The school takes this as an opportunity to effectively combine labor education with local characteristic industries, so that students can master basic labor knowledge and skills in rich labor education and practice activities, develop good labor habits, and cultivate the excellent quality of their hometown and loving labor.Essence


Get labor skills in characteristic practice


Labor education must follow the law of students’ cognitive development, which is in line with the age and behavioral characteristics of students.The school combines local characteristic industries and 10 task groups of labor curriculum standards in accordance with the level and development laws of students, and divides the content of labor education into three stages: low, medium and high grades.


The low grades mainly perform emotional understanding and experience of characteristic industries, such as visiting planting bases to conduct simple seeding, picking vegetables, and feeding rabbits.In the process, students experienced the fun of labor, and they also had a preliminary understanding of local characteristic industries.Middle -level students must have a rational understanding of local characteristic industries. It not only includes the process of breeding and hand -made in local industries, but also to understand the nutritional value of mutton and rabbit meat and the economic value generated.After this stage of study, students have a certain labor skills and better understand the principle of “one point of hard work and one harvest”.After having a preliminary awareness of the local industry, the senior level mainly focuses on practical operations, such as the processing and production of vegetables, meat rabbits, silk, and jujube, so that students can initially master the cooking methods of common dishes and the production methods of jujube cakes, and further further.Experience production labor such as breeding and handmade, cultivate the spirit of labor, and realize that only through labor can we create a better life.


Use local characteristic industries to enrich the content of labor education


Material is the basis of human life. To let students truly understand that labor and wealth creates material wealth, they must allow them to experience the entire process of material wealth creation.To this end, the school adapted to local conditions and established a labor education curriculum system including specialty breeding, scientific maintenance, processing, and finished product sales.


The school offers special breeding courses such as vegetable planting, mulberry breeding, and meat rabbit breeding. On this basis, processing the results of breeding can be processed, so that students can master simple cooking and pickling vegetables.In order to allow students to experience the economic value of labor, the school has set up a “small farmer market”. When the vegetables are mature, they can sell them. If they are not sold, students can also “sell” teachers and parents.The school regularly organizes the “Special Product Exchange Meeting” to display and sell the special products processed by students.The economic benefits obtained are kept by the class committees of each class as a reward fund for class.


The construction of the labor education curriculum system not only allows students to understand that labor can create wealth, but also allows students to experience difficulties and setbacks, experience the hardships and fruits of labor, and cultivate students to cherish the fruit of labor, endure hardships and hard workQuality.


Build the “Labor Education Circle” of the school and society


Labor is a special discipline with practical and continuity. The training of labor habits, labor quality and spiritual spirit can not be completed overnight. Repeated practice and experience need to be repeatedly practiced.The school fully mobilizes home education resources, and uses local characteristic industrial parks as a labor education practice base, and has built the “trio” circle of schools, family, and characteristic industrial parks.


Parents are instructor and supervisor.Persistence is expensive. Only by insisting on doing a certain labor can we form skills. Only by persistence can we forge quality.The daily labor in the content of labor education, if you only study in labor classes, do not adhere to and train, are prone to form the phenomenon of “students do labor in schools and will not do at home”.The school gives full play to the role of the education position of the family. Teachers set up family labor tasks, ask parents to supervise and guide their children to complete the labor tasks, and participate in the evaluation, so that students’ labor knowledge and skills at school can be consolidated and extended at home.


Parents serve as labor education mentors.At present, the school is not yet equipped with full -time labor teachers for all classes, and most of the young teachers know very little about production labor, but rural parents have specialties in this area. The school divides the labor base to each class. Each class is responsible for one land.Each class hires 2-3 parents as instructors to assist teachers to guide the excavation, sorting vegetables and vegetable planting.In the process, not only did students learn labor skills, but teachers also learned a lot of production of labor knowledge, so that they can better guide students’ labor practice in the future, and achieve growth in teaching and teacher -student growth.


Enter the industrial park to carry out a labor practice experience.The school, as Shangli County Science Popularization Education Base, has cooperated with multiple characteristic industrial parks with the help of the County Science and Technology Association to use it as an off -campus labor practice base.For example, the school relies on Jiguanshan Township Mulberry Trail Breeding Base, Huangtian Vegetable Planting Base, and the Rice Planting Base of the Village of the Academy to carry out agricultural production and labor experience., High -level students plant vegetables, harvest rice, etc.; Relying on Shangli County Meat Rabbit Breeding Technology College to learn meat rabbit breeding technology; rely on Shanghai Li County Lishui Food Co., Ltd. and Hongming Food Factory to carry out new technologies and applications for labor experience, organize student experienceThe production process of jujube cake.Students not only learned a certain amount of labor skills, but also appreciated the hard work and happiness of labor, felt the results of labor, thus giving birth to the emotions of love and awe of workers.


This process also cultivates students’ ability to find problems and solve problems.For example, in the middle -grade labor class “Sang Sang Leaf”, we organize students to pick mulberry leaves at the mulberry base to discuss the inquiry session.Leaf faster and more labor -saving and other issues have caused students to think, and then divide the group to pick up mulberry leaves to competition, allowing students to explore in labor practice activities and grow in creation.


Combining school labor education with local characteristic industries has enriched the content of labor education, expanded the channels for labor education, allowed students to master certain labor skills, develop students’ thinking ability and innovation and creative ability, cultivated students correctlyThe concept of labor, the quality of the labor and the spirit of labor, and promote the comprehensive development of students.


(The author unit is Chi Shan Town Central Elementary School, Shangli County, Pingxiang City, Jiangxi Province; this article is the “Fourteenth Five -Year Plan” of Education Sciences in Jiangxi Province 2022 The key topic “Practice and Research on the Combination of Labor Education and Local Industry in Rural Primary Schools”: The results of 22ptzd050])

“China Education News”, March 20, 2024, 6th edition 6 

Pay attention to this issue: Focus on the cultivation of high -quality middle -level cadres in the school

The high -quality development of a school is inseparable from a high -quality middle -level cadre team.The middle -level cadres in the school are the links and bridges of school -level leaders and grassroots teachers. They are an important guarantee for the efficient operation of the school and optimizing the internal management of the school.As the principal, how to understand and understand the middle role of the change?How to cultivate sufficient middle -level reserve talents?How to effectively enhance the middle -level leadership and then build a benign management ecology?This magazine specially invited experts and principals to discuss the above issues, so stay tuned.–editor

Promote the construction of educational power with high -quality schools

In the process of increasingly diversified, participation and synergy in school governance, the principal’s guidance and help to middle managers can only be external forces. The growth of middle managers must eventually rely on internal driving forces.In the fourth primary school of Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing, we build school culture based on respect and trust. Through full authorization, we continuously activate and cultivate the internal development of middle -level cadres.Land affairs have entrepreneurship, and eventually realize the common growth of people and affairs.

    Build value identity

    Mobilize the willingness to do things in the middle level

As a middle -level cadre of the school, only by identifying the value concept and organizational culture of the school, can they actively affect teachers and students, thereby promoting school -run consensus.Each teacher, including middle managers, is a thinker, refiner and practitioner of school running philosophy and development planning.After discussion and reflection by teachers in the school, we have determined that “everyone is important, everyone can play a role, and everyone can bring changes.”We strive to create a school culture of trust, sharing and cooperation.Based on this value identity, the concept of middle managers is slowly transforming from “I am being a school officer” to “I am supporting others and self -actualization”. Only by generating and having such a consciousDo things well.

At the beginning of each semester, the middle level of the school must think about the work goals and strategies of the new semester, clarify the vision and plan for development, and then form a consensus in collective negotiation discussions. This consensus passes to teachers and students through the words and deeds of the middle manager.Throughout the process, the school’s development vision is clearer and specific. The key success elements in school development and areas that need to be improved to be improved are clear, and the school’s values and behavior standards have gradually become consensus.

School leaders and teachers are partners of middle -level cadres. This is an equal negotiation and cooperation relationship.In a trusted and supportive environment, the self -subject consciousness of middle -level cadres is stimulated and can be experienced in self -responsibility.The principal’s responsibility is to give the support behind middle -level cadres. When planning work planning in middle -level cadres, give necessary suggestions, build a platform when the work is promoted, and provide resources and funding to help them clarify their directions, broaden their horizons, share sharingresponsibility.

    Creative empowerment

    The liberation of the middle level that can be achieved

The school system design is related to middle management efficiency.The adjustment of the school’s organizational structure is not to change for change, but to find a simpler and more flexible organizational structure and promote the healthy operation of the entire school system.

In order to be able to handle decision -making and implementation rights to those who do things, the school has creative empowerment and build a flat management structure of the central system.The school’s reform department has established six centers, including the teacher development center, student development center, and resource information center.According to the needs of the scene, a center will be used as a center point. This center point will allocate all the school’s resources through horizontal connection and vertical communication.

Such an organizational structure eliminates the information attenuation brought by the original level system, shorten the school’s management chain, enhances the independent decision -making power and execution of the middle level, and improves the effects of various work negotiation and promotion.This organizational structure encourages middle -level cadres to be based on students’ growth, use their greatest energy and autonomy, and actively plan and create development space.

At present, with the needs of school governance, the school’s leadership structure is moving from the traditional sectarian to open diversified leadership, and no longer is clear and clear. InsteadProject -type, democratic management, etc., has become the subject of active participation.In Zhongguancun Four Primary School, we give more outstanding teachers who are willing to do things to do things, so that their management potential and excellent quality are seen by more people.In this interactive two -way cooperation, middle -level cadres voluntarily participate as members of the team members. While led the teachers to grow management capabilities, they also have more “empathy” the work of middle -level cadres, so asCooperate with school work.

    Encourage innovative transformation

    Improve the ability to do good things in the middle level

School running requires the principal’s top -level design with the organic combination of the innovative practice of middle -level cadres, and achieves simultaneous optimization.Under the perspective of modern school management, in order to avoid the sense of accomplishment of things by trivial affairs, one of the core tasks of middle -level cadres is to “translate” the school philosophy into work on the premise of understanding and identifying the core concept of the school.”Converted into the growth of teachers and students.

Facing the tasks arranged by the superior departments, the school focuses on the goal of educating people, avoids formalism, and carries out localization based on the actual situation of the school.For example, we converted the art festival of Haidian District into the four small art festivals of Zhongguancun and encouraged each student to perform talent exhibitions. The students have more opportunities to show, appreciate and self -motivation.excitation.

Professional growth is the most effective way to reduce the pressure of middle -level cadres.In order to enhance the ability of the middle level, we create a research -based middle -level team, and continuously encourage middle -level managers to use research to do management, establish a sense of research, and study the main tasks of our responsibility as a subject.At the same time, we encourage the middle level to re -inventory, so that the middle layer is in reflection, and continuously improves the continuous thinking of work.In the re -enrollment, the wisdom of middle -level cadres continued to develop, forming a professional leadership that achieved themselves and affecting others.

(The author is the secretary of the party branch and principal of Zhongguancun Fourth Primary School, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing)

“China Education News”, March 20, 2024 Edition 5 

■ Vitality Campus 


Newspaper (Reporter Wei Haizheng Correspondent Liu Keke Sun Chengzheng) “Grandpa, the car has been repaired, do you see if there is any problem?” A few days ago, at the Eight Cafengus Plaza of Jinan University, a retired professor at Jinan University was full of joy, “the young man is enthusiastic and enthusiastic aboutCarefully, the car repair technology is good. “


The “little guy” in the mouth of the old professor is a member of the Volunteer Car Repair Service Team of the School of Mechanical Engineering of Jinan University.Founded in 1991, the team members were college students at the lower grade of the college. They adhered to the concept of “serving classmates and dedicating the society”.Bicycles and electric vehicle maintenance services cover the fault diagnosis, component replacement, and conventional maintenance of bicycles and electric vehicles, which facilitate the travel of campus teachers and students and community residents.In the 33 years since its establishment, more than 17,000 vehicles have been repaired by the team, and volunteer service time has exceeded 10,500 hours.


Someone once asked: “The students of the team sacrifice their rest time to serve others, and they are tired and have no pay. What is the meaning of doing this?”


Hearing such a problem, they often said: “The problems of seeing the owners are solved. We are also very happy to watch their sunshine smiles. This may be the meaning of ‘worth”. “In the eyes of the studentsThe fleet is a group that is united and loves others.


“Classmate Liu, are you convenient to come to my house and help me assemble a bicycle for my younger daughter?” After answering the phone, the Xiao Liu of the team went from the dormitory and rushed to the call for an hour to call.In Zhang Yiping’s house, the assembly and debugging the brakes were loose, and the height of the seat suitable for the little girl was carefully adjusted.With the help of the team members of the team, Zhang Yiping soon learned to ride.


Over the past 33 years, the School of Mechanical Engineering Volunteer Auto Service Team has trained a number of young students.


Yan Ruobin, who is currently studying in Shandong University, was the captain of the repair team during college.”The experience of repairing the team is a valuable life experience for me. It is the experience of these car repair services that exercise my hands -on practice ability and cultivate my tenacious perseverance.Work also made me contact with various machinery and equipment, which inspired my interest in deep learning. “Yan Ruobin said.


From 1991 to 2024, the team members of the repair team updated alternately alternately, with a serious and responsible, practical volunteer service spirit and the tradition of the team repair team.

“China Education News”, March 20, 2024, 4th edition 4 

Pay attention to this issue: Focus on the cultivation of high -quality middle -level cadres in the school

The high -quality development of a school is inseparable from a high -quality middle -level cadre team.The middle -level cadres in the school are the links and bridges of school -level leaders and grassroots teachers. They are an important guarantee for the efficient operation of the school and optimizing the internal management of the school.As the principal, how to understand and understand the middle role of the change?How to cultivate sufficient middle -level reserve talents?How to effectively enhance the middle -level leadership and then build a benign management ecology?This magazine specially invited experts and principals to discuss the above issues, so stay tuned.–editor

■ Promote the construction of education for high -quality schools with high -quality schools

In a school, the principal’s top -level design ability determines how far the school can go, and the management execution ability of middle -level cadres determines how fast the school can go.As an important part of the school’s leadership, middle -level cadres in the school plays a vital role in the operation, management and development of the school.However, in the face of the rapidly changing educational environment and increasingly complex school management tasks, middle -level cadres in the school face various challenges and difficulties.Therefore, it has become a top priority to comprehensively improve the competency of middle -level cadres in the school.

Improve global thinking ability

The middle -level cadres of the school are both the executors of educational policies and the practitioners of education and teaching.If you want to be an excellent middle -level cadre, the overall thinking ability is its essential quality.

The middle -level cadres of the school must have a global perspective, and position their role as a “pilot”, review the reform and direction of education from an overall perspective, and comprehensively plan the development of the school.From the overall perspective of Chongqing Nankai Liangjiang Middle School, my Chongqing Middle School is based on the development of the school.There are blueprints in my heart. “The school should be guided by educational issues, with each teacher as the driving force for reform, continuously improved and implemented, forming goal settings -current status analysis -strategy formulation -organizational implementation -evaluating feedback to feedbackTeachers and students grow together.

School cadres and leaders also need to combine the current educational characteristics to clarify the underlying logic and design it.The middle -level cadres of the school should give full play to the spirit of innovation, and systematically build a special curriculum system, so that they can adapt to the national education policy.

Stimulate innovation and practical ability

The starting point of middle -level cadres is “tube”, but it cannot be imprisoned in the “old handle”, ignoring the innovative and practical ability that management should have.On campus, how to make reasonable resources and cultivate culture, how to do a good job of top -level design and exploration and innovation are an important lesson that middle -level cadres cannot be ignored.

School culture construction is the basis for students to “know the truth”.Nankai Liangjiang Middle School takes the “Nankai Spirit” as the core of talent training, and uses the “public” (public morality of patriotism “and” energy “(ability to serve society) as the purpose of school education.School motto, school song, and school emblem infiltrate the south of the students.Based on the Nankai Culture, the middle -level cadres in the school rationally use resources, refine culture, actively innovate, and practice solid practice.For example, we ask middle -level cadres to actively cooperate with the surroundings, introduce resources, and move the art gallery, museums, and space museums to the campus and carry out museum -style menu to learn, so that students will be curious in immersive learning, stimulate interest, and bred learning.motivation.

Nankai Liangjiang Middle School also encourages middle -level cadres to take the initiative to seek innovation opportunities and projects, actively establish an innovative project library, regularly release the needs and opportunities of innovative projects, and encourage cadres to actively apply and actively participate in it.In addition, the school also organizes a platform for innovation contests or innovation forums to provide a platform for display and exchange innovation achievements to encourage cadres to actively share their own innovative practical experience and stimulate more innovative thinking and ability.

Improve the ability to solve problems

As a bond connecting the top -level design and the underlying execution, the middle -level cadre carries the hub of various sections of the school. If this hub strike or delay reaction, the entire school machine will move slowly or even strike.Make each task instruction in a timely and effective manner, and the middle -level cadres need to practice strategic execution and become a “practitioner”.

Focusing on the vision of development, the school must do a good job of listing in the planning leadership process, make good use of tools, clarify their duties, and build platforms to allow middle -level cadres to continue to develop.Take the reading task list driver as an example, let the middle managers clear the growth chain from reading -writing -sharing and communication, and guide the middle managers of the school through the mission list to be committedTake root and combine practice with research to promote growth.

During the management process, middle -level cadres need to seek a balanced area for self -development and management effects.Faced with complex and tedious daily tasks, the school needs to be fully authorized to allow middle -level cadres to have full decision -making power in specific affairs and actively assume innovative work tasks.Such as the design of the school stage activity, the semester special education curriculum planning, etc.Through staged task -driven, middle -level cadres can cultivate the ability to discover and solve problems during the implementation of the task.

In addition, establishing a comprehensive feedback evaluation mechanism is the backing of the sustainable development of middle -level management cadres in schools.In the process of innovation, middle -level cadres may face risks and difficulties. Schools can support their innovative practice by establishing a incentive mechanism, or set up innovative funds to provide them with project funding and resource support.

(The author is the deputy principal of the two Jiangxi Middle School in Nankai, Chongqing)

“China Education News”, March 20, 2024 Edition 5 

“Welcome everyone to our live broadcast room!” The anchor in the screen introduced the exquisite tea products in your hands and told the story behind the tea.The anchors are college students of the “Double Hundred Action Practice” team of Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University. They came to Tonghuyue Tea Production Base in Heping County, Heyuan City, Guangdong Province to carry out live broadcast to help farmers.

After inspecting 5 different scale of tea companies in Heping County on the spot, it was found that tea leaves have a unique growth environment and high quality. However, due to factors such as small planting scale and limited marketing channels, these green pure and natural good is good.Tea is still trapped in the mountains and it is difficult to move towards a larger market.Liu Xingyu, a teacher of Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University, who was the first secretary of the first secretary of Xiaxian Village, Heping County, led the “Double Hundred Action Practice” team to carry out live broadcasting activities in the local area to help in different aspects such as live training and tea quality improvement.

The practical team gives full play to its professional advantages. According to the different types of tea products, the order of explanation of the explanation of the local tea maker Zhu Qin is invited to introduce the tea production process and make tea in the live broadcast room to create a relaxed live broadcast atmosphere for the audience of the live broadcast room to stimulate the purchase of purchases.want.

In the live broadcast, the team members will also perform talents for the audience, and they will use the interesting experience in the local area, and invite the audience to enjoy the beautiful scenery of the Chashan in Heping County.”We also hope to share with you our sincere emotions and let everyone know what we are doing.” Said Zhang Yuyang, a member of the team, the communication and planning of Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University of Vocational and Technical University.

“We find that no matter how many live broadcasts of our team, it is always limited for local help. We want to train relevant personnel in the tea industry into live broadcast staff.” The relevant person in charge of Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University said.As a result, team members taught new media operations and other techniques to local villagers.

During the same period, the team members started to formulate the Peace County’s tea industry industry standards to promote the tea industry in some areas of Heping County to standardize from the model of “self -selling and self -selling of Chashan”.”The formulation of local industry standards is conducive to improving product quality, forming regional brands and regional advantages, and better promotion.” The relevant person in charge of Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University said.

The Heping County Agricultural Live Team is the microcosm of Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University to actively respond to the “millions of projects” operations.As one of the first batch of contract -paired colleges and universities in Guangdong Province, Shenzhen Vocational and Technical University determined the first batch of 15 projects in October 2023, with a budget amount of nearly 4 million yuan.The project focuses on county cultural tourism development, fine processing of bamboo materials and product development, standardization of ecological tea industry technology, and agricultural product improvement.

“We all use Heping County as our own home.” This practical experience of deep -going rural farmers has made Zhang Yuyang more firmly strengthened his employment direction. “I hope that in the future, I can go deep into the countryside after I have more live broadcast experience., Help the village revitalization. “

“China Education News”, March 20, 2024, 4th edition 4 

Participate in housework, storage, finishing, cooking food; cultivating plants, writing scientific papers … In the past holiday, the homework of children of the third primary school affiliated to Normal University in Hefei City, Anhui Province is full of “life” and “practical taste”.In the opinion of the principal of the school, the living ability is the true essence of education.

In recent years, the three primary school affiliated to Hefei Teachers have focused on carrying out videline education, so that each child loves labor and obtains the ability to discover beauty from labor.The school combines labor education with ideological and political education, scientific education, and aesthetic education to promote the integration and creation of each other.

In Chinese classes, students can experience the value of labor through writing.Many daily labor experience activities, such as dumplings, stacked quilts, making food, etc., are high -quality materials for students’ work.Children record the labor process, express their sense of labor, and sublimate the emotions of labor in writing notes.

In scientific classes, teachers teach students’ scientific breeding methods, students conduct field operations on campus planting, and experience the value brought by labor to labor.

In physical education classes, “Little Frog Catch Pests”, “Spring Seed and Autumn Harvest” and other game -related game activities, consolidate children’s sports skills, and let children feel the joy of labor in the game …

During the interview, the reporter listened to many teachers and said that the Zizhu Gallery, Silklore Salva Farm, Bird Garden, and Farming Park are all “Happy Garden” loved by students.

In the “Weiwei Farm” labor education curriculum activities, the school divided the farm area, arranged to various classes, and carried out agricultural labor in the form of “responsibility field” to plant food and vegetables.Under the leadership of the teacher, the students picked up the iron rake and shed hard sweat, and truly understood the connotation of “sweat dripping the soil”.Teachers will also organize students to organize vegetables according to the law of crop growth, sowing, watering, and weeding. Each link is done by the students themselves.In the process of labor, students learned skills and loved labor.

“Each class has a ‘responsibility field’, and the teacher and us carry out the farming planting experience project together.” Chen Liangxin, a student in the fifth grade (9), said, “In the farming park, you can not only get close to nature and experience the joy of labor, but also can also experience the joy of labor.Use the scientific knowledge you learned. “

From the hardships of the farming of “noon on the day of hoeing, sweat and dripping the soil”, to the cultivation of “watching the rice dumplings, and the heroes all over the world”, the campus farming culture allows studentsThe concept of ecological civilization.

The school brigade counselor Hu Yue told reporters that the school has also established a student labor evaluation system, including participating in the number of labor, labor attitude, practical operation, and labor results.As an important reference for the “Labor Chapter” to select the “Red Scarf Struggle”, it effectively enhances students’ initiative and enthusiasm for labor education.

Li Ping said that in the next step, the school will focus on ecological civilization education as the main line to further promote the integration of “five education”, integrate labor education into various courses and activities such as life experience, labor practice, volunteer service and scientific and technological innovation, to promote childrenHealthy and happy growth.